Was Rosa Luxemburg an Opponent of the Russian Revolution?

Post on: January 15, 2021 Nathaniel Flakin Rosa Luxemburg is often presented as an opponent of the Russian Revolution, but this is a deliberate misunderstanding. In fact, she was no more and no less than a critical Bolshevik. “Freedom is always the freedom of dissenters” or “the freedom of those who think differently.” This is by far the most well-known quote from Rosa Luxemburg. Wikipedia, for example, uses this quote to claim she “criticiz[ed] the Bolsheviks, presciently warning of their dictatorship.” Mitchell Cohen uses the same quote to make the…

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Engels: theorist of war, theorist of revolution

Republished From: https://fourth.international/en/275 Friedrich Engels was born on 28 November 1820 in Barmen (now Wuppertal). He was a close friend and collaborator of Karl Marx and was long considered to be one of the founders of Marxism, just like Marx. In the twentieth century, however, in Western heterodox Marxism, Engels was regularly criticized for his scientific and dogmatic deviation from Marxism and for being responsible for everything that was to be rejected in Marxism. On the occasion of the bicentenary of Engels, we propose to return to this important figure…

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“Put a Crimp in the Belt and the Whole Belt Freezes”: The Anniversary of the Flint Sit-Down Strike

Post on: December 30, 2020  William Lewis Today, 84 years ago, the Flint sit-down strike began. By sitting down, autoworkers stood up for the entire working class and set into motion a movement that built a mighty labor movement. As the pandemic and economic downturn continues to wreak havoc, it is important to remember what solidarity and grit can accomplish. When people picture the labor movement of the 1930s, one image that comes to mind is stern men sitting on car seat cushions reading the newspaper. They’re picturing the Flint sit-down strike.…

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Anthonio Gramsci (1891-1937)

Anthonio Gramsci (1891-1937) Before I go to his concepts which are in “Prison Notebooks”, I would go through his early life a bit. Anthonio Gramsci was born in Ales, Oristano province of the island of Sardinia in Southern Italy. He was the fourth of seven sons of Francesco Gramsci (1860-1937) and Giuseppina Marcias (1861-1932). Gramsci’s father’s family reportedly left Albania around 1821. Gramsh (Albanian form: Gramsci) is a town in central Albania. It seemed that  the Albanian origin of his father’s family hereditary claimed the Surname of Gramsci; an Italianized…

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Anthonio Gramsci (1891-1937)

Gramsci is considered to be one of the most  marxist thinkers and the most famous discoverer and the sharp analyst of the superstructure of the theory of Carl Marx. Actually he used two stratas (political and civil society) inside of superstructure to explain how they work dialectical, not just the mechanical way. He was the first general secretary of Italian Communist Party in 1920S.He introduced a powerful concept of Hegemony in which the ruling class maintained and manipulated the power over the common people. Actually, he fell victim to the…

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The First Mass Communist Party

Post on: December 6, 2020  Nathaniel Flakin The United Communist Party of Germany (VKPD) was founded 100 years ago. The foundation of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) is well known. On New Year’s Eve 1918 and New Year’s Day 1919, a stormy congress took place in the ballroom of the Prussian parliament. Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebknecht, and their Spartacus League united a disparate group of revolutionaries in the new party. Yet the KPD was tiny. One could say the party’s real foundation took place two years later. The KPD’s sixth congress,…

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From Emiliano Zapata to the EZLN: Land and Autonomy

The following article was originally published on our sister site Ideas de Izquierda México (Left Ideas Mexico) to commemorate the birth of Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata. In 1910, Mexico was celebrating its 100th anniversary as an independent nation. Since 1877 the country had been under the dictatorial rule of General Porfirio Díaz Mori, a veteran of the Franco-Mexican war of 1867. Through both constitutional reforms[1] and rigged elections, the dictator was reelected, governing for over 30 years (a period known as the Porfiriato or the Pax Porfiriana). His administration was known…

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A restless thinker

Originally published:Review 31 by Danial Whittall (November 10, 2020)   |  Marcello Musto, The Last Years of Karl Marx: An Intellectual BiographyStanford University Press, 194pp, £17.99, ISBN 9781503612525 In the millions of pages written about Karl Marx, his final years have been somewhat neglected. Sven-Eric Liedman’s biography A World to Win, published in English translation in 2018, assesses Marx’s late notebooks and correspondence on Russia in depth but gives limited attention to the other aspects of Marx’s latter years, including his important trip to Algeria. Mary Gabriel’s excellent Love and Capital: Karl and Jenny Marx attends to…

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Engels and marriage

Written by Jenny Farrell on 2nd November 2020 Friedrich Engels, whose 200th birthday falls on 28 November, had a very personal connection with Ireland. Soon after being sent to help run the family textile factory in Manchester in 1842 he met twenty-year-old Mary Burns, daughter of an Irish dyer. Engels’s friend the revolutionary German poet Georg Weerth wrote a poem about Mary after he met the couple. It is a rare contemporary account: Mary . . . From Ireland with the tide she came, She came from Tipperary: “Oranges, fresh and good for sale” So…

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80th Anniversary of the death of Walter Benjamin. Theses on his Contribution to Critical Theory

As we know, Walter Benjamin died in Port-Bou 80 years ago, in September 1940, after an attempt to flee from Vichy France to Spain. Like thousands of other Jewish and/or anti-fascist German refugees, he was interned in a camp in the summer of 1939, at the beginning of World War II, as a “national of an enemy country.” It was one of the most infamous chapters in the unglamorous history of the Third Republic. Freed from the camp thanks to the intervention of French writers and intellectuals, he tried to…

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